Vermicompost is the product of composting in which worms are used to create a varied mixture of decomposing food waste, worm casting and bedding matter. Worm casting, also known as vermicast or worm humus, is the end product of the breaking down of organic material through the use of worms. Various kinds of earthworms, such as red wigglers and white worms are used for this purpose. Vermicompost contains high level of water-soluble nutrients that are useful for organic farming.
Why is vermicast more productive than compost?
Vermicast is more productive for organic agriculture than compost due to the following reasons:
- It enriches the soil with microorganisms
- It possesses enzymes and plant growth boosters available only in worm casting soils
- It is richer in available nutrients
- It enhances germination, growth rate and crop yield
- It improves root growth
- It aids in disease control in organic farming
- It can hold more water
- It causes fruits and vegetables to taste better
What are the unique benefits of vermicomposting?
Vermicomposting is advantageous for organic farming as worms do several works such as:
- Turn the material like a tiny plough
- Improve aeration by adding oxygen for all the helpful microorganisms
- Enrich the pile by mixing various organisms and nutrients
- Convert the pile into a rich soil product by eating the bedding matter and the feed
- Control pathogen by ingesting
- Work faster as worms can eat one-half of their weight each day