Soil Biodiversity, Land Management and Climate Change

How do you get the most out of soil? How do you maximize the health and fertility of soil? How do you save the planet from the much dreaded climate change and global warming?

Apparently there is a very simple yet crucial world which we have overlooked in our rush to create more and more profit. Beneath our feet, there are numerous organisms which we don’t even bother to see most of the time. They are the little elves who liberate nitrogen for plant growth and lock up carbon in the soil and in general supporting and nourishing the life on this planet.

Researches from the University of Manchester and Lancaster prove that the one surefire

way is by maintaining the soil biodiversity. They suggest that one might consider the entire community of living organisms in the soil which makes the soil food webs in order to maintain the diversity of soil. The organisms in the soil will also aid in predicting the climate change impacts on ecosystems.

The researchers examines the soil life in about 60 sites across four countries, the UK, Sweden, Greece and the Czech Republic and studied the food webs present which played a significant part in maintaining the nutrient cycles in agricultural soil. These organisms involved in the food webs usually spend their entire life cycles or at least parts of it while interacting with substances such as carbon and nitrogen. The study summarizes that there is a solid link between the soil organisms and the way the ecosystem functions.

This is the first time researchers have taken an interest in looking at the entire community of organisms cohabiting in the soil. The study concluded that the organisms found in the soil help capture carbon dioxide, resulting in reducing global warming and controlling climate change. This is a phenomenal finding if we consider the increased troubles we imagine in terms of global warming and climate change.

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